Seit Monaten wird überall davon berichtet. Denn für viele ist der US- Präsident der mächtigste Mensch der Welt. Aber wie läuft die Wahl eigentlich genau ab?. Die Präsidentschaftswahl in den Vereinigten Staaten bestimmt, wer für eine vierjährige Häufig finden am gleichen Wahltermin auch Wahlen auf Bundesstaaten-, Die Amtszeit des Präsidenten beginnt mit dem Tag der Amtseinführung, der seit zu fünfjährigen Haftstrafe und/oder US-Dollar Geldstrafe geahndet. Wann wählen die US-Amerikaner einen neuen Präsidenten? Alle vier. Der gebürtige Österreicher Arnold Schwarzenegger , von bis Gouverneur von Kalifornien , galt als einer der bekanntesten Kandidaten im Falle der Aufhebung dieser Vorschrift, zu der allerdings eine Verfassungsänderung notwendig wäre. Wahllokale des Early Votings geben Wahlunterlagen mehrerer Wahldistrikte aus und erlauben dann den Wählenden die Wahl, wodurch nicht in jedem Wahldistrikt ein Early Voting Place eingerichtet werden muss. Seit ist der Wahltag auf den Dienstag nach dem ersten Montag im November festgelegt, was die Wahl immer auf ein Datum zwischen dem 2. Letzterer kandidierte erfolgreich für eine dritte und für eine vierte Amtszeit, starb aber im April wenige Monate nach Beginn seiner vierten Amtsperiode im Amt. In den USA laufen die Kongresswahlen. Durch die Nutzung dieser Website erklären Sie sich mit den Nutzungsbedingungen und der Datenschutzrichtlinie einverstanden. Am auf die Wahl folgenden Teilweise sind die Abstimmungen offen für alle Bürger, teils nur für Wähler, die sich für die jeweilige Partei registriert haben. Für Donald Trump könnte es ungemütlich werden. Verfassungszusatz , der seit zur Anwendung kommt, darf ein Wahlmann nur in einer der beiden Wahlen Präsident und Vizepräsident für einen Kandidaten aus seinem eigenen Staat stimmen.
He shone as a student, and was especially interested in languages and elocution. I love agitation and investigation and glory in defending unpopular truth against popular error.
The next day, March 4, , he was baptized into Christ by being submerged in the icy waters of the Chagrin River. After leaving Geauga, Garfield worked for a year at various jobs, including teaching.
While there, he was most interested in the study of Greek and Latin, but was inclined to learn about and discuss any new thing he encountered.
By , Garfield had learned all the Institute could teach him and was a full-time teacher. He said of Hopkins, "The ideal college is Mark Hopkins on one end of a log with a student on the other.
There was no pretense of genius, or alternation of spasmodic effort, but a satisfactory accomplishment in all directions. Garfield graduated from Williams in August as salutatorian , giving an address at the commencement.
On his return to Ohio, the degree from a prestigious Eastern school made Garfield a man of distinction. He returned to Hiram to teach at the Institute, and in was made its president.
He did not see education as a field that would realize his full potential. At Williams, he had become more politically aware in the intensely anti-slavery atmosphere of the Massachusetts school, and began to consider politics as a career.
Local Republican Party leaders invited Garfield to enter politics upon the death of Cyrus Prentiss, the presumptive nominee for the local state senate seat.
He was nominated by the party convention on the sixth ballot, and was elected, serving until Garfield read military texts while anxiously awaiting the war effort, which he regarded as a holy crusade against the Slave Power.
Although he had no military training, Garfield knew that his place was in the Union Army. He did so quickly, recruiting many of his neighbors and former students.
Buell quickly assigned Garfield the task of driving Confederate forces out of eastern Kentucky, giving him the 18th Brigade for the campaign, which, besides his own 42nd, included the 40th Ohio Infantry , two Kentucky infantry regiments and two cavalry units.
In recognition of his success, Garfield was promoted to brigadier general, at the age of That summer Garfield suffered from jaundice and significant weight loss.
After initial Union success, Bragg retreated toward Chattanooga , where Rosecrans stalled and requested more troops and supplies.
Rosecrans concluded that the battle was lost and fell back on Chattanooga to establish a defensive line.
Garfield sent a telegram to Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton alerting Washington to the need for reinforcements to avoid annihilation, and Lincoln and Halleck delivered 20, troops by rail within nine days.
He was worried that he and other state-appointed generals would get obscure assignments, and running for Congress would allow him to resume his political career.
The fact that the new Congress would not hold its first regular session until December [c] would allow him to continue his war service for a time.
Home on medical leave, he refused to campaign for the nomination, leaving that to political managers who secured it at the local convention in September , on the eighth ballot.
In October, he defeated D. Woods by a two-to-one margin in the general election for a seat in the 38th Congress. Soon after the nomination, Garfield was ordered to report to War Secretary Edwin Stanton in Washington to discuss his military future.
Chase , who befriended him, seeing him as a younger version of himself. The two men agreed politically, and both were part of the Radical wing of the Republican Party.
Garfield not only favored abolition of slavery, but believed that the leaders of the rebellion had forfeited their constitutional rights.
He supported the confiscation of southern plantations and even exile or execution of rebellion leaders as a means to ensure the permanent destruction of slavery.
Some financially able recruits had used the bounty system to buy their way out of service called commutation , which Garfield considered reprehensible.
Lincoln appeared before the Military Affairs committee on which Garfield served, demanding a more effective bill; even if it cost him re-election, Lincoln was confident he could win the war before his term expired.
Garfield did not consider Lincoln particularly worthy of re-election, but no viable alternative seemed available. Garfield took up the practice of law in as a means to improve his personal finances.
Clouds and darkness are round about Him! His pavilion is dark waters and thick clouds of the skies! Justice and judgment are the establishment of His throne!
Mercy and truth shall go before His face! God reigns, and the Government at Washington still lives! Garfield was as firm a supporter of black suffrage as he had been of abolition, though he admitted that the idea of African Americans as political equals with whites gave him "a strong feeling of repugnance.
By April, Garfield had concluded that Johnson was either "crazy or drunk with opium. The conflict between the branches of government was the major issue of the campaign, with Johnson taking to the campaign trail in a Swing Around the Circle and Garfield facing opposition within his party in his home district.
With the South still disenfranchised and Northern public opinion behind the Republicans, they gained a two-thirds majority in both houses of Congress.
Garfield, having overcome his challengers at his district nominating convention, was easily re-elected.
Garfield opposed the initial talk of impeaching President Johnson when Congress convened in December Distracted by committee duties, he rarely spoke in connection with these bills, but was a loyal Republican vote against Johnson.
When the president was acquitted in trial before the Senate, Garfield was shocked, and blamed the outcome of the trial on its presiding officer, Chief Justice Chase, his onetime mentor.
By the time Ulysses S. Grant succeeded Johnson in , Garfield had moved away from the remaining radicals Stevens, their leader, had died in He hailed the ratification of the 15th Amendment in as a triumph, and he favored the re-admission of Georgia to the Union as a matter of right, not politics.
In , Garfield opposed passage of the Ku Klux Klan Act , saying, "I have never been more perplexed by a piece of legislation.
Throughout his political career, Garfield favored the gold standard and decried attempts to increase the money supply through the issuance of paper money not backed by gold, and later, through the free and unlimited coinage of silver.
He reprised his opposition to the greenback, saying, "Any party which commits itself to paper money will go down amid the general disaster, covered with the curses of a ruined people.
Tariffs had been raised to high levels during the Civil War. Afterwards, Garfield, who made a close study of financial affairs, advocated moving towards free trade, though the standard Republican position was a protective tariff that would allow American industries to grow.
This break with his party likely cost him his place on the Ways and Means Committee in , and though Republicans held the majority in the House until , Garfield remained off that committee during that time.
Garfield came to chair the powerful House Appropriations Committee , but it was Ways and Means, with its influence over fiscal policy, that he really wanted to lead.
The committee investigation into corruption was thorough, but found no indictable offenses. Garfield blamed the easy availability of fiat money greenbacks for financing the speculation that led to the scandal.
Garfield was not at all enthused about the re-election of President Grant in —until Horace Greeley, who emerged as the candidate of the Democrats and Liberal Republicans , became the only serious alternative.
Garfield opined, "I would say Grant was not fit to be nominated and Greeley is not fit to be elected. The grossly inflated invoices submitted by the company were paid by the railroad, using federal funds appropriated to subsidize the project, and the company was allowed to purchase Union Pacific securities at par value , well below the market rate.
The high expenses meant that Congress was called upon to appropriate more funds. The story broke in July , in the middle of the presidential campaign.
Blaine of Maine, and Garfield. Greeley had little luck taking advantage of the scandal. When Congress reconvened after the election, Blaine, seeking to clear his name, demanded a House investigation.
Evidence before the special committee exonerated Blaine. Garfield had stated, in September , that Ames had offered him stock, but he had repeatedly refused it.
Testifying before the committee in January, Ames alleged that he had offered Garfield ten shares of stock at par value, but that Garfield had never taken the shares, or paid for them.
A year had passed, from to , before Garfield had finally refused it. Garfield, appearing before the committee on January 14, , confirmed much of this.
Did he tell the truth? Another issue that caused Garfield trouble in his re-election bid was the so-called " Salary Grab " of , which increased the compensation for members of Congress by 50 percent, retroactive to In what was a bad year for Republicans, who lost control of the House for the first time since the Civil War, Garfield had his closest congressional election, winning with only 57 percent of the vote.
With the Democratic takeover of the House of Representatives in , Garfield lost his chairmanship of the Appropriations Committee. With many of his leadership rivals defeated in the Democratic landslide, and Blaine elected to the Senate, Garfield was seen as the Republican floor leader and the likely Speaker should the party regain control of the chamber.
When it became clear, after six ballots, that Blaine could not prevail, the convention nominated Ohio Governor Rutherford B. Although Garfield had supported Blaine, he had kept good relations with Hayes, and wholeheartedly supported the governor.
When Hayes appeared to have lost the presidential election the following month to Democrat Samuel Tilden , the Republicans launched efforts to reverse the result in Southern states where they held the governorship: South Carolina, Louisiana, and Florida.
If Hayes won all three states, he would take the election by a single electoral vote. Grant asked Garfield to serve as a "neutral observer" in the recount in Louisiana.
The observers soon recommended to the state electoral commissions that Hayes be declared the winner—Garfield recommended that the entire vote of West Feliciana Parish , which had given Tilden a sizable majority, be thrown out.
The Republican governors of the three states certified that Hayes had won their states, to the outrage of Democrats, who had the state legislatures submit rival returns, and threatened to prevent the counting of the electoral vote—under the Constitution, Congress is the final arbiter of the election.
Congress then passed a bill establishing the Electoral Commission , to determine the winner. Although he opposed the Commission, feeling that Congress should count the vote and proclaim Hayes victorious, Garfield was appointed to it over the objections of Democrats that he was too partisan.
Hayes emerged the victor by a Commission vote of 8 to 7, with all eight votes being cast by Republican politicians or appointees of that party to the Supreme Court.
As part of the deal whereby they recognized Hayes as president, Southern Democrats secured the removal of federal troops from the South, ending Reconstruction.
Garfield during this time purchased the property in Mentor that reporters later dubbed Lawnfield ,  and from which he would conduct the first successful front porch campaign for the presidency.
Hayes suggested that Garfield run for governor in , seeing that as a road that would likely put Garfield in the White House. Garfield preferred to seek election as senator, and devoted his efforts to seeing that Republicans won the election for the General Assembly, with the likely Democratic candidate the incumbent, Allen G.
The Republicans swept the legislative elections. Garfield was elected to the Senate by the General Assembly in January , though his term was not to begin until March 4, Garfield was one of three attorneys who argued for the petitioners in the landmark Supreme Court case Ex parte Milligan in His clients were pro-Confederate northern men who had been found guilty and sentenced to death by a military court for treasonous activities.
The case turned on whether the defendants should instead have been tried by a civilian court, and resulted in a ruling that civilians could not be tried before military tribunals while the civil courts were operating.
Jeremiah Black had taken him in as a junior partner a year before, and assigned the case to him in light of his highly regarded oratory skills.
With the result, Garfield instantly achieved a reputation as a preeminent appellate lawyer. Swayne as Chief Justice.
Grant, however, appointed Morrison R. Garfield thought the land grants given to expanding railroads was an unjust practice.
He especially wished to eliminate the common practice whereby government workers, in exchange for their positions, were forced to kick back a percentage of their wages as political contributions.
In , Garfield displayed his mathematical talent when he developed a trapezoid proof of the Pythagorean theorem.
His finding was placed in the New England Journal of Education. As the convention began, Senator Roscoe Conkling of New York, the floor leader for the Grant forces known as the Stalwart faction , proposed that the delegates pledge to support the eventual nominee in the general election.
Garfield rose to defend the men, giving a passionate speech in defense of their right to reserve judgment. Subsequent ballots quickly demonstrated a deadlock between the Grant and Blaine forces, with neither having the votes needed for nomination.
Garfield protested to the other members of his Ohio delegation that he had not sought the nomination and had never intended to betray Sherman, but they overruled his objections and cast their ballots for him.
Most of the Grant forces backed the former president to the end, creating a disgruntled Stalwart minority in the party. Despite including a Stalwart on the ticket, animosity between the Republican factions carried over from the convention, and Garfield traveled to New York to meet with party leaders there.
Practical differences between the candidates were few, and Republicans began the campaign with the familiar theme of waving the bloody shirt: Kirkwood of Iowa as Secretary of the Interior.
Chandler , as Solicitor General under MacVeagh. The crowd applauded, but the speech, according to Peskin, "however sincerely intended, betrayed its hasty composition by the flatness of its tone and the conventionality of its subject matter.
Robertson , to be Collector of the Port of New York. This was one of the prize patronage positions below cabinet level, and was then held by Edwin A.
Conkling raised the time-honored principle of senatorial courtesy in an attempt to defeat the nomination, to no avail.
Garfield, who believed the practice was corrupt, would not back down and threatened to withdraw all nominations unless Robertson was confirmed, intending to "settle the question whether the president is registering clerk of the Senate or the Executive of the United States.
Platt , resigned their Senate seats to seek vindication, but found only further humiliation when the New York legislature elected others in their places.
Grant and Hayes had both advocated civil service reform, and by , civil service reform associations had organized with renewed energy across the nation.
Garfield sympathized with them, believing that the spoils system damaged the presidency and distracted from more important concerns. Corruption in the post office also cried out for reform.
In April , there had been a congressional investigation into corruption in the Post Office Department , in which profiteering rings allegedly stole millions of dollars, securing bogus mail contracts on star routes.
That year, Hayes stopped the implementation of any new star route contracts. When told that his party, including his own campaign manager, Stephen W.
Dorsey , was involved, Garfield directed MacVeagh and James to root out the corruption in the Post Office Department "to the bone", regardless of where it might lead.
After two "star route" ring trials in and , the jury found Brady not guilty. Garfield believed that the key to improving the state of African American civil rights would be found in education aided by the federal government.
Langston , Haitian minister; and Blanche K. Bruce , register to the Treasury. Hunt , a carpetbagger Republican from Louisiana, as Secretary of the Navy.
Entering the presidency, Garfield had little foreign policy experience, so he leaned heavily on Blaine. Blaine, a former protectionist , now agreed with Garfield on the need to promote freer trade, especially within the Western Hemisphere.
Garfield was shot by Charles J. After eleven weeks of intensive and other care Garfield died in Elberon, New Jersey , the second of four presidents to be assassinated, following Abraham Lincoln.
Guiteau had followed various professions in his life, but in had determined to gain federal office by supporting what he expected would be the winning Republican ticket.
Hancock", and got it printed by the Republican National Committee. White House officials suggested to Guiteau that he approach Blaine, as the consulship was within the Department of State.
Guiteau came to believe he had lost the position because he was a Stalwart. The office-seeker decided that the only way to end the internecine warfare in the Republican Party was for Garfield to die—though he had nothing personal against the president.
Guiteau knew the president would leave Washington for a cooler climate on July 2, and made plans to kill him before then.
He purchased a gun he thought would look good in a museum, and followed Garfield several times, but each time his plans were frustrated, or he lost his nerve.
Blaine, who was to remain in Washington, came to the station to see him off. The two men were deep in conversation and did not notice Guiteau before he took out his revolver and shot Garfield twice, once in the back and once in the arm.
The time was 9: The assassin attempted to leave the station, but was quickly captured. Garfield was hit by two shots; one glanced off his arm while the other pierced his back, shattering a rib and embedding itself in his abdomen.
I will go to jail for it. I am a Stalwart and Arthur will be President. Among those at the station was Robert Todd Lincoln , whose father was killed sixteen years earlier by an assassin.
CNN , vom Ben Carson ends campaign, will lead Christian voter group. Marco Rubio Launches Presidential Campaign. The Washington Post , Kandidatur von Ted Cruz: The Art of the Demagogue.
The Economist , 3. Spiegel Online , 4. North Dakota delegate puts Trump over the top. August , abgerufen am Paul Ryan Is Running for President.
New York , 4. Johnson to run as Libertarian candidate. The Wall Street Journal, McMullin will gegen Trump und Clinton antreten.
August , archiviert vom Original am 9. August ; abgerufen am We hope to compete in all 50 states. How to Vote for Evan. Dezember , Hannes Grassegger, Mikael Krogerus: Ich habe nur gezeigt, dass es die Bombe gibt Dezember , Peter Welchering: Die Welt vom 6.
Westdeutsche Zeitung vom Social Bots im US-Wahlkampf. Der Roboter als Wahlkampfhelfer. Der Tagesspiegel vom Social bots distort the U.
Presidential election online discussion in: November , Abruf 8. Hackt Russland die US-Wahl? Hacked WikiLeaks emails show concerns about Clinton candidacy, email server.
Oktober , abgerufen am The New York Times, 7. Assange hat kein Internet mehr. The Independent , Donald Trump Talks Like a Woman.
The Linguistic Styles of Hillary Clinton, — Band 14, , S. United States Elections Project. McDonald, abgerufen am 1. November , zugegriffen Jill Stein, liberals seek voting hack investigation.
November , abgerufen Trump wins in Wisconsin, Pennsylvania" , abgerufen An Uninvited Security Audit of the U.
Dezember , abgerufen am Dezember englisch, Evidence supports the integrity of the election outcome, but is not strong enough to definitively rule out a cyberattack on the voting machines, due to the recounts being incomplete.
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